Concrete and Earthquake Engineering Research Group

Department of Civil & Structural Engineering

Optimisation of rubberised concrete with high rubber content: An experimental investigation


This article investigates experimentally the behaviour of rubberised concrete (RuC) with high rubber content so as to fully utilise the mechanical properties of vulcanised rubber. The fresh properties and short-term uniaxial compressive strength of 40 rubberised concrete mixes were assessed. The parameters examined included the volume (0–100%) and type of mineral aggregate replacement (fine or coarse), water or admixture contents, type of binder, rubber particle properties, and rubber surface pre-treatments. Microstructural analysis using a Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) was used to investigate bond between rubber and concrete at the Interface Transition Zone (ITZ). This initial study led to the development of an “optimum” RuC mix, comprising mix parameters leading to the highest workability and strength at all rubber contents. Compared to a non-optimised concrete with 100% replacement of fine aggregates with rubber, the compressive strength of concrete with optimised binder material and moderate water/binder ratio was enhanced by up to 160% and the workability was improved significantly. The optimisation proposed in this study will lead to workable high rubber content RuC suitable for sustainable high-value applications.

Publication details

Publication type: 
Journal article
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Construction and Building Materials
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