Concrete and Earthquake Engineering Research Group

Department of Civil & Structural Engineering

Reuse of Tyre Fibres for Fire-Spalling-Proof Concrete (IGNIS)


Reuse of Tyre Fibres for Fire-Spalling-Proof Concrete (IGNIS) is a research project funded by H2020 through the Marie Slodovska Curie Programme. Fire-induced explosive spalling (violent peeling-off of concrete surface) is a major drawback of modern high-performance and high-strength concrete. Tunnels and buildings have been seen to experience catastrophic failure due to fire spalling of concrete, leading to huge economic costs and potential loss of life. Recent EU directives and legislation require adequate addressing of the spalling problem in any new project and all major existing road tunnels need to be upgraded. However, fire spalling still remains one of the least well understood aspects of concrete behaviour and the need to fill this knowledge gap has significantly increased, due to the increasing demand of infrastructure and materials that are sensitive to spalling. Therefore, the research community has set fire spalling as a research priority; a RELIM Technical Committee (TC256-SPF) has been dedicated to this topic.

This research aims to develop a better understanding of the complex mechanism behind fire spalling as well as a novel sustainable spalling-mitigation solution by using waste fibres recovered from end-of-life tyres. The fire spalling risk will be investigated through high-temperature slab tests. The test data will be used to develop a predictive numerical model.

If successful, this will enable manufactured polymer fibres, currently used to prevent fire-induced spalling, to be replaced with a reused product of equal or better performance, thereby providing a possible annual reduction of 0.5 million tonnes of CO2 in an EU market worth about £50 million per annum.

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European Commission H2020

Project dates

Start date: 
July 2016
End date: 
June 2018