Concrete and Earthquake Engineering Research Group

Department of Civil & Structural Engineering

Carbonation of composite cements with high mineral admixture content used for radioactive waste encapsulation


Kinoshita H, Circhirillo C, Sanmartin I, Utton CA, Borges PHR, Lynsdale CJ, Milestone NB
Group members: 


Carbonation of ordinary Portland cement occurs naturally. This process is, however, not sufficient for the application of CO2 sequestration due to the very slow kinetics of the diffusion-controlled process. The present study shows that the carbonation can be enhanced in the hardened cement systems blended with blast furnace slag or pulverised fuel ash under the condition tested. Both blended systems, with a very high replacement level of Portland cement with slag or fly ash, indicated nearly two times of CO2 intake compared to the pure Portland cement system in the particle form, and the system with blast furnace slag gained significantly more CO2 than other samples in the powdered form. The carbonation of the slag containing particles appeared to result in a significant release of H2O, which may have caused the coarse pore structure due to the shrinkage of C-S-H. This seems to be a very attractive system to capture CO2 as the sufficient level of porosity and free water could be maintained in the system. The lower Ca2+ concentration in the system appeared to favour the formation of vaterite as the carbonation product. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Publication details

Publication type: 
Journal article
Awarded by: 
Journal / conference name: 
Minerals Engineering
Awarded date: 
Start page: 
End page: